In New York, the basic crime of theft is called “petit larceny”, a class A misdemeanor, which is defined as “stealing property”, and is perhaps most often used to prosecute shoplifting.
The crime of “grand larceny” involves petit larceny, aggravated by one or more factors.
This is a class E felony, that involves stealing property where:
This is a class D felony, that involves stealing property where the value of the property stolen exceeds $3,000.
As a class C felony, involves stealing property where:
This class B felony involves stealing property where the value of the property exceeds $1,000,000.
More exotic variations of theft under the Penal Law include “welfare fraud”, “unauthorized use of a vehicle”, “auto stripping”, “theft of services” (turnstile jumping), “fraudulent accosting” (confidence schemes), “criminal possession of stolen property”, “trademark counterfeiting”, “forgery”, “criminal possession of a forged instrument”, “illegal possession of a vehicle identification number”, “insurance fraud”, “health care fraud”, “bribery”, “frauds on creditors”, “residential mortgage fraud”, “issuing a bad check”, “criminal impersonation”, “criminal usury” (loansharking), “scheme to defraud”, “criminal use of an access device”, and “identity theft”.
More serious forms of theft include “robbery”, which involves forcibly stealing property; and “burglary”, which often involves unlawfully entering property with the intent to steal property from inside. These crimes are often treated as violent felonies. They tend to be prosecuted more aggressively and punished more harshly.
The maximum prison term that a person can serve for a single act of theft is 25 years for class B theft felonies such as grand larceny in the first degree, burglary in the first degree, and robbery in the first degree.
If you’re accused of theft or grand larceny, select an experienced felony theft lawyer skilled at poking holes in the case against you. I have more than two decades of experience protecting my clients’ rights.